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World Discoverer wreck
Wreck of MS World Discoverer as of July 2007
World Discoverer
History
Name: World Discoverer (1975–2000)
Owner: BEWA Cruises (Denmark) (1974–1976)
Adventurer Cruises (1976–2000)
Operator:
Port of registry: 1975–1976: Copenhagen
1976–1980: Singapore
1980–2000: Monrovia
Route:
Ordered:
Builder:
Cost:
Yard number: 2250
Laid down:
Launched: December 8, 1973
Christened:
Maiden voyage:
In service::
Acquired: October 19, 1975
Refit: 1996
Out of service:
Identification: Call sign: ELDU3
IMO number: 7349053
Fate: Wrecked April 30, 2000 after striking an uncharted reef in the Sandfly Passage
Status: Lying on its side with a 46° list
General Characteristics
Type: Cruise Ship
Tonnage:
Displacement: 3724 gross tons
Length: 87.51 m (287.1 ft)
Beam: 15.12 m (49.6 ft)
Draft: 4.4 m (14 ft)
Depth: 8.72 m
Decks 7
Installed power: 2 x 1760 kW
Propulsion: Twin MAK 8M452AK Diesel engines driving a single propeller
Speed: 16.50 knots (30.5 km/h)
Capacity: 137 passengers
Crew: 75 to 80 crew members
World Discoverer

World Discoverer in 1978.

The MS World Discoverer was a cruise ship designed for and built by Schichau Unterweser, Germany in 1974. During construction called BEWA Discoverer, the ship was completed in Bremerhaven, Germany.

History Edit

The vessel was originally built as the BEWA Discoverer in 1974. The ship was sold to BEWA Cruises out of Denmark. In July 1976, the vessel was sold to Adventure Cruises, Inc. and was renamed the World Discoverer. The ship also became a long-term charter to Society Expeditions. In 1976, the ship was registered in Singapore. In 1987, Society Expedition came under new ownership and was renamed Society Expedition Cruises, with offices in Seattle and Germany. The new owner of the ship was Discoverer Reederei who also has ownership of other vessels, such as MV Explorer. In 1990, she was registered in Liberia under the name World Discoverer. The vessel had a double hull construction, allowing for periodic voyages to the Antarctic polar regions to allow its passengers to observe ice floe movements and providing protection for minor impacts. In 1996, the ship was refurbished under the new name, World Discoverer. The ship carried a fleet of inflatable dinghies, allowing passengers to move closer to ice floes for observation.[1]

Service History Edit

During the period from November through February (Austral summer), the ship conducted cruises in the Southern Hemisphere and visited places like Antarctica, the Falkland Islands, Chile and Argentina. From March to May and August to October, the ship cruised the South Pacific Islands. Between the months of June and August, the ship cruised around the Alaskan region and also the Russian border around the Bering Sea. The World Discoverer was classified as a Swedish/Finnish 1A Ice Class, allowing the ship to withstand minor floe impacts.[2] The World Discoverer also had a 13,000 km (8,100 mi) cruising range, allowing the ship to travel the Northwest Passage.

The ship was captained by Oliver Kruess, who had previously crewed as Chief Mate. Society Expeditions also hired a small team of experienced expedition leaders to answer tourist questions concerning the region, ice floes, their movements, and the ship's destinations. A small fleet of dinghies landed passengers on various shorelines for observation of local wildlife in the area. Each day comprised typically two to three shore expeditions, led by geologists, historians, naturalists, and marine biologists. The ship was equipped with an observation lounge, medical center with an active physician, library, sun deck with a small swimming pool, small fitness center, and a lecture hall.[3]

Wreck Edit

On Sunday April 30, 2000, at 4 p.m. local time (0500 GMT), the ship struck a large uncharted rock or reef in the Sandfly Passage, Solomon Islands. Captain Oliver Kruess sent a distress signal, which was received in Honiara, the Solomon Islands' capital city. A passenger ferry was dispatched to the ship and all passengers were then transported to safety. The captain then brought the ship into Roderick Bay after the ship began to list 20 degrees and grounded it to avoid sinking. After underwater surveying of the ship, the World Discoverer was declared a "constructive loss". The ship has remained in Roderick Bay ever since.[4] There were no reports of any oil, petroleum or other pollutant spills as a result of the impact.

Michael Lomax, president of Society Expeditions, congratulated the captain and crew for their heroic and professional actions, saying that they performed in an "exemplary manner" during the crisis. The ship was scheduled to have its annual dry-dock inspection on May 11 when annual maintenance work would have been completed. Also planned were the addition of two additional suites on the boat deck and also the installation of a new fire protection system throughout the ship.

Aftermath Edit

The World Discoverer still sits in Roderick Bay of the Nggela Islands with a 46° list. The closest salvage companies to attempt salvage of the ship, stationed in Australia, found the ship ransacked by the locals and other factions. The Solomon Islands were undergoing civil war; the ship was boarded by locals who took the equipment and other critical devices. Tidal activity damaged the ship even more. The ship has been sustaining surface rusting with many of the windows removed. The ship became a tourist attraction with the locals of the island, as well as other cruise lines that pass by the World Discoverer, including MV Princess II. The ship can still be seen on Google Maps.[5][6]

In the aftermath of the wreck, Society Expedition refurbished an ice class vessel called the Silver Explorer, and renamed it the new World Discoverer, and it was launched in 2002, resuming cruises. Society Expedition ceased operations in June 2004 after their new vessel was seized by creditors in Nome, Alaska. Two weeks later, Society Expedition filed chapter 7 liquidation bankruptcy in July 2004.[7]

References Edit

  1. http://web.archive.org/web/20100103012248/http://maritimematters.com/shipnews2000.html
  2. http://www.newzeal.com/theme/Ships/WD/WorldDiscoverer2002.htm
  3. http://web.archive.org/web/20110716092543/http://www.smallshipcruises.com/alaskasocietyexp.html
  4. https://www.google.com.au/maps/search/-9.023011,160.12305/@-9.0229,160.123369,269m/data=!3m2!1e3!4b1?source=s_q&hl=en&dg=dbrw&newdg=1
  5. https://www.google.com/maps/place/World+Discoverer/@-9.0230214,160.1230346,294m/data=!3m1!1e3!4m5!3m4!1s0x0:0x6305e080cdd9f18e!8m2!3d-9.022974!4d160.1231039
  6. http://gizmodo.com/5815175/oh-look-theres-a-dead-cruise-ship-in-google-maps
  7. http://old.seattletimes.com/html/businesstechnology/2001969531_society01.html

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